The term cloud has grown in popularity in recent years, yet it has nothing to do with weather or the much-debated issue of climate change. The clouds we’re talking about these days are actually digital clouds, which allude to cloud computing, a phenomena that’s exploding in the digital age. We will discuss cloud computing for beginners in today’s article. We’ll explain what cloud computing is, as well as some of the top cloud platforms and how to utilize them, so you know what to expect when deciding whether or not to use cloud platforms.
What Is Cloud Computing?
Simply described, cloud computing refers to the provision of computing services by a company or location other than the one being used. To compare it to something more known to you, we could argue that cloud computing is similar to electricity in that customers do not manufacture it; instead, they use the electricity provided by the supplier.
Cloud computing works in the same way that you have a provider with servers, and you upload your files to those servers and pay a fee to utilize them.
The term “cloud computing” first appeared in a Compaq internal document in 1996, but it wasn’t until 2006 that the concept and word gained traction when Amazon debuted its Elastic Compute Cloud. The term cloud, which is unrelated to cloud computing, first arose in 1993 to represent what is now known as distributed computing, which may be considered a precursor to cloud computing.
The phrase “cloud computing” is now commonly used to characterize data centers that are accessible via the Internet to a large number of people. Functions from central servers are commonly dispersed across numerous locations in today’s large clouds. It may be characterized as an edge server if the connection to the user is quite close.
Clouds can be internal (private) or public (public), and they might be limited to a single business (enterprise clouds) or available to multiple companies (public cloud). To achieve coherence and economies of scale, cloud computing relies on resource sharing.
Best Cloud Computing Services
To assist you in selecting a cloud platform, we’ve compiled a list of the best and most popular cloud services available:
1. Amazon Web Services
Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a subsidiary of Amazon that provides on-demand cloud computing platforms and APIs to individuals, companies, and governments, on a metered pay-as-you-go basis; it was launched back in 2006. One of these services is the famous Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2, see above), which allows users to have at their disposal a virtual cluster of computers, available all the time, through the Internet; we know it as a pioneer of modern-day cloud computing.
Most of the characteristics of a real computer are emulated by AWS’ virtual computers, including hardware central processing units (CPUs) and graphics processing units (GPUs) for processing; local/RAM memory; hard-disk/SSD storage; a choice of operating systems; networking; and pre-loaded application applications including web servers, databases, and customer relationship management (CRM). The AWS technology is implemented by Amazon’s subsidiary through multiple server farms located around the world.
Prices are determined by a combination of consumption (the so-called Pay-as-you-go model), subscriber-selected infrastructure features, needed availability, redundancy, security, and service alternatives, implying that the market has a significant impact on pricing. Subscribers have the option of purchasing a single virtual AWS machine, a dedicated physical computer, or a cluster of both. Amazon provides security for subscribers’ systems as part of the subscription agreement.
In terms of practicality, AWS is very customizable and offers a free trial period, however customer service is lacking.
2. Microsoft Azure
Microsoft Azure is a cloud computing service developed by Microsoft for developing, testing, deploying, and managing applications and services through Microsoft-managed data centers. It offers software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and supports a wide range of programming languages, tools, and frameworks, including Microsoft-developed and third-party software.
Azure was first announced in October 2008, with the codename Project Red Dog, and was first published on February 1, 2010, as Windows Azure, before being rebranded to Microsoft Azure on March 25, 2014.
Azure, like AWS, offers a 12-month free trial after which you can pick a Pay-as-you-go subscription model; the service also contains a cost calculator. The biggest disadvantage of Azure is its high cost when compared to competing providers. It’s also compatible with both Windows and Linux platforms.
3. Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud Platform (GCP), offered by Google, is a suite of cloud computing services that runs on the same infrastructure that Google uses internally for its end-user products, such as Google Search, Gmail, and YouTube. Alongside a set of management tools, it provides a series of modular cloud services including computing, data storage, data analytics, and machine learning. Registration requires a credit card or bank account details. Similar to Azure, Google Cloud Platform provides infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, and serverless computing environments.
The Google Cloud Platform public cloud infrastructure, as well as G Suite, enterprise versions of Android and Chrome OS, and application programming interfaces (APIs) for machine learning and enterprise mapping services, are all part of Google Cloud.
When compared to other platforms, GCP is quite user friendly, and it also offers a 12-month free trial period before deciding on a subscription model (albeit you must supply all billing information beforehand). The disadvantage is that it can be difficult to set up for those with limited technical skills.
4. IBM Cloud
IBM Cloud is a set of cloud computing services for businesses supplied by IBM, a multinational information chevalier. Platform as a service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) are combined in this service. Both small development teams and organizations, as well as huge commercial corporations, can use the platform.
It’s been installed in data centers all over the world. While it may not be as well-known as its main competitors, IBM Cloud is a good cloud platform with many features that will allow you to use it with less problems than other platforms, and it can also provide you with more features than its competitors.
Without any specific disadvantages, the advantages of using IBM Cloud include a fully adjustable interface, a collection of pre-configured tools, and a set of essential management tools that make it simple to use.
5. Oracle Cloud
Oracle Cloud is a cloud computing service provided by Oracle Corporation, which offers servers, storage, networking, applications, and services via a global network of Oracle Corporation-managed data centers. These services can be provided on demand via the Internet, according to the company.
Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), software as a service (SaaS), and data as a service (DaaS) are all available on Oracle Cloud. These services are used to create, launch, integrate, and enhance cloud-based applications. This platform is excellent because it supports a wide range of open standards (SQL, HTML5, REST, and others), open-source apps, and a number of programming languages, databases, tools, and frameworks, including Oracle-specific, Open Source, and third-party software and systems.
Oracle Cloud offers excellent architecture and a free tier, which are significant benefits over the competition, but it is not ideal for small organizations, which is its primary disadvantage.
Other Cloud Platforms
Of course, these are not the only cloud platforms available; nonetheless, they are the best, most well-known, and easiest to use, which is why we have examined them in this post. But, if you are dissatisfied with the above-mentioned items, here is a list of additional services to consider to see if they better suit your needs:
- Alibaba Cloud
- Cloud Linux
- Digital Reality
- FUJITSU Cloud
- NIWA Cloud
- Rackspace Managed Cloud
- Xen Cloud
This concludes our discussion of the subject for today. Keep following us for further updates and stay tuned for more of the same.